Judge commutes three death sentences, citing racial bias

A North Carolina judge ruled on evidence that prosecutors worked to get blacks eliminated from the pool of jurors

By: Associated Press
Salon
Friday, December 14, 2012

FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. — A North Carolina judge on Thursday commuted the death sentences of three convicted killers, including two who killed law enforcement officers, to life in prison without the possibility of parole after ruling that race played an unjust role in jury selection at their trials.

Cumberland County Superior Court Judge Gregory A. Weeks based his ruling on evidence presented over four weeks of hearings that he says showed prosecutors in each case made a concerted effort to reduce the number of black jurors.

The three who had their sentences commuted were among the most notorious killers on North Carolina’s death row.

Family members of the victims and more than 60 uniformed police officers packed the courtroom. Before Weeks could finish issuing his ruling, the brother of a murdered state trooper stood up and yelled an expletive at the judge.

The Republican-controlled legislature recently scaled back the state’s Racial Justice Act, on which Thursday’s ruling was based. Weeks said his ruling applies under both the old and new laws.

He cited evidence that included handwritten notes of prosecutors indicating they worked to get blacks eliminated from the pool of jurors, resulting in panels that were overwhelmingly white.

“This conclusion is based primarily on the words and deeds of the prosecutors involved in these cases,” said Weeks, who is black, from the bench. “Despite protestations to the contrary, their words, their deeds, speak volumes. During presentation of evidence, the court finds powerful and persuasive evidence of racial consciousness, race-based decision-making in the writings of prosecutors long buried in the case files and brought to light for the first time during this hearing.”

The cases involve convicted murderers Christina “Queen” Walters, Tilmon Golphin and Quintel Augustine. Earlier this year, Marcus Reymond Robinson became the first to have his sentence commuted to life without parole under the provisions of the landmark 2009 law.

Walters is a Lumbee Indian. Augustine and Golphin are black.

Walters was the leader of a Fayetteville street gang convicted of killing two women and shooting another during an initiation ritual in 1998.

Augustine was convicted of killing Fayetteville police officer Roy Turner Jr. in November 2001.

Golphin killed N.C. Highway Patrol Trooper Ed Lowry and Cumberland County Sheriff’s Deputy David Hathcock during a traffic stop in September 1997. Golphin’s younger brother is also serving a life sentence for the homicides.

As Weeks finished reading his ruling, the law enforcement officers filed out of the courtroom. A woman in civilian clothes yelled that they should take their badges off and leave them behind because the justice system would no longer protect the officers from criminals.

Prosecutors indicated they will petition to have Weeks’ ruling overturned by the state Court of Appeals.